William Mustain

Associate Professor and United Technologies Professor of Engineering Innovation


Ph.D., Illinois Institute of Technology (2006)


Current Research

  • Electrocatalyst Design in Acid and Alkaline Media
  • PEM and Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells and Electrolyzers
  • Electrochemical CO2 Separations and Utilization
  • High Capacity Anodes for Li Ion Batteries
  • Increasing Lifetime and Energy Density of Primary Batteries
  • Engineering Improved Performance and Lifetime of Electrochemical Technologies

Special Activities

Member: Electrochemical Society
Member: AIChE

Current Research Group

Research Faculty Graduate Students Undergraduate Students
Sujan Shrestha Ehsan Faegh, Travis Omasta, Alessandro Palmieri, Xiong Peng, Yufeng Zhang Thomas Baccaro, Erick Bailey, Said El-Bakhar, Robert Ernst, Carlos Flores, Connor Lewis, Benjamin Ng, Alexandra Oliveira, Hanna Soucie

Research Statement

Dr. Mustain’s electrochemistry research group at the University of Connecticut is interested in the development of novel electrocatalyst materials for energy conversion and storage. Several extramurally funded projects are underway in this area, including the design and characterization of nanostructured carbon and non-carbon supports for oxygen reduction and hydrogen evolution catalysts, electrocatalysts for methane activation, and high capacity anodes for Li-ion batteries, among others. In each system, the Mustain group takes a bottom-up approach, designing both the surface chemistry and microstructure of the active material and support to yield high activity, high stability electrodes. This work has recently yielded a slough of publications as well as significant interest from both industry and federal agencies. Recent sources of federal funding for the above work includes the US Department of Energy, NASA, and the National Science Foundation.

Previous Positions

2008-2013 Assistant Professor, Chemical, Materials & Biomolecular Engineering, UConn
2006-2008 Postdoctoral Fellow, Georgia Institute of Technology

Awards & Honors

2016-2019 United Technologies Professor of Engineering Innovation
2015-2016 Fulbright Scholar Fellow
2014 Supramaniam Srinivasan Young Investigator Award
2014 CQIA Platinum Innovation Prize (Shared with R. Maric, C.B. Carter and J. Roller)
2013 DOE Early Career Award
2009 Illinois Institute of Technology Young Alumni Award
2007 Invited Alumni Speaker for Collens Scholarship Program Benefit Dinner
2004 Illinois Institute of Technology Outstanding Teaching Assistant of the Year Award
2004 Hamid Arastoopour Excellence in Education Award
2002 Illinois Institute of Technology Graduate Research Fellowship
1998 – 2002 Illinois Institute of Technology Heald Scholar

Recent Publications

Wang, E. Magliocca, E.L. Cunningham, W. Mustain,   S.D. Poynton,   R. Escudero-Cid,   M.M. Nasef,   J. Ponce-Gonzalez,   R. Bance-Souahli,   R.C.T. Slade,   D.K. Whelligan and J.R. Varcoe, “An optimised synthesis of high performance radiation-grafted anion-exchange membranes”, Green. Chem., Accepted. DOI: 10.1039/C6GC02526A.

X. Peng, T.J. Omasta, W. Rigdon and W.E. Mustain, “Fabrication of high performing PEMFC catalyst-coated membranes with a low cost air-assisted cylindrical liquid jets spraying system”, J. Electrochem. Soc., 163 (2016) E407-E413.

X. Peng, S. Zhao, T. Omasta, J.M. Roller and WE. Mustain, “Activity and durability of Pt-Ni nanocage electocatalysts in proton exchange membrane fuel cells”, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2016.10.081.

A. Palmieri, R. Kashfi-Sadabad, S. Yazdani, M. Pettes and W.E. Mustain, “High Performance Bi-Metallic Manganese Cobalt Oxide/Carbon Nanotube Li-ion Battery Anodes”, Electrochimica Acta, 213 (2016) 620-625.

Y. Liu, A. Palmieri, J. He, Y. Meng, N. Beauregard, S.L. Suib and W.E. Mustain, “Highly Conductive In-SnO2/RGO Nano-Heterostructures with Improved Lithium-Ion Battery Performance”, Scientific Reports, 6  (2016) 25860; doi: 10.1038/srep25860.

W.A. Rigdon, T.J. Omasta, C. Lewis, M. Hickner, J.R. Varcoe, J.N. Renner, K.A. Ayers and W.E. Mustain, “Carbonate dynamics and opportunities with low temperature, AEM-based electrochemical CO2 separators”, J. Electrochem. En. Conv. Stor., Accepted, DOI: 10.1115/1.4033411

T. Myles, S. Kim, R. Maric and W.E. Mustain, “Application of a Coated Film Catalyst Layer Model to a High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell with Low Catalyst Loading Produced by Reactive Spray Deposition Technology”, Catalysts, 5 (2015) 1673-1691. Invited Contribution.

S. Zhao, H. Yu, R. Maric, N. Danilovic, C.B. Capuano, K.E. Ayers and W.E. Mustain, “Calculating the Electrochemically Active Surface Area of Iridium Oxide in the Application of Proton Exchange Membrane Electrolyzers”, J. Electrochem. Soc., 162 (2015) F1292-F1298.

Y. Liu, L. Zhang, B.G. Willis and W.E. Mustain, “Importance of Particle Size and Distribution in Achieving High-Activity, High-Stability Oxygen Reduction Catalysts”, ACS Catalysis, 5 (2015) 1560-1567.

S. Zhao, A. Wangstrom, Y. Liu, W.A. Rigdon and W.E. Mustain, “Stability and Activity of Pt/ITO Electrocatalyst for Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Alkaline Media”, Electrochim. Acta, 157 (2015) 175-182.

N.S. Spinner, A. Palmieri, N. Beauregard, L. Zhang, J. Campanella and W.E. Mustain, “Influence of Conductivity on the Capacity Retention of NiO Anodes in Li-ion Batteries”, J. Power Sources, 276 (2015) 46-53.

S. Shrestha, N. Morse and W.E. Mustain, “Effect of Surface Chemistry on the Double Layer Capacitance of Polypyrrole-Derived Ordered Mesoporous Carbon”, RSC Advances, 4 (2014) 47039 – 47046.

J.R. Varcoe, P. Atanassov, D.R. Dekel, A.M. Herring, M.A. Hickner, P.A. Kohl, A.R. Kucernak, W.E. Mustain, K. Nijmeijer, K. Scott, T. Wu and L. Zhang, “Anion-exchange membranes in electrochemical energy systems”, Energy Environ. Sci., 7 (2014) 3135-3191.

N. Spinner, L. Zhang and W.E. Mustain, “Investigation of Nickel Oxide Anode Degradation in Lithium-ion Batteries via Identical-Location TEM”, J. Mat. Chem. A, 2(6) (2014) 1627-1630. Inside cover feature article.

Y. Liu and W.E. Mustain, “High stability, high activity Pt/ITO oxygen reduction electrocatalysts”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 135 (2013) 530.

Contact Information
Phone(860) 486-2756
Mailing Address191 Auditorium Road, Unit 3222, Storrs, CT 06269-3222
Office LocationUTEB-282