C. Barry Carter



D.Phil., Oxford University (1976)
Sc.D., Cambridge University (2005)

Current Research

  • Interfaces in ceramic materials, semiconductors and metals
  • Phase transformations and solid-state reactions
  • Transmission electron microscopy (including HRTEM, XEDS, EELS and in situ studies)
  • AFM, particularly of ceramic surface processes
  • Dislocations in metals, semiconductors and ceramics
  • Mechanisms of thin-film growth of ceramics by pulsed-laser deposition and CVD
  • Organization and modification of nanoparticles and nanowires
  • Processing oxides for energy production and storage

Professional Activities

Member: Connecticut Academy of Science & Engineering
Fellow: Royal Microscopical Society
Fellow: Materials Research Society
Fellow: American Ceramic Society
Fellow: Microscopy Society of America
Fellow: AAAS
Member: Microanalysis Society

Current Research Group

Graduate Students Undergraduate Students
Kelly Chan
Kathleen Rowland
Aaron Gladstein
Meghan Van Wie
Keara Frawley

Research Statement

The Carter group is presently involved in three lines of research. At UConn we are using a combination of AFM and VLM to study surfaces of ceramic materials, and the materials science of additive manufacturing. At CINT (Sandia National Labs) we are very involved in applying in-situ and operando techniques to study lithiation, deformation and phase transformations in ceramic materials and metals.

Previous Positions

2012- CINT Distinguished Affiliate Scientist, Sandia National Lab, NM
2007-2013 Professor, Dept. of CMBE, University of Connecticut (UConn)
2007-2012 Head, Dept. of CMBE, University of Connecticut (UConn)
2005 Visiting Fellow, Peterhouse and Dept. of MS&E., Cambridge University (6months)
2005 ICYS-NIMS Advisor, Tsukuba, Japan (2 months)
2004- Editor-in-chief, Journal of Materials Science
2004 Jubilee Professor, Chalmers University, Gothenburg (4 months)
1998 A. von Humboldt Senior Awardee, Stuttgart and Hannover, Germany (6months)
1997-1998 Berndt Matthias Scholar, Los Alamos National Lab (6months)
1994-2008 Consultant/Visiting Researcher, Sandia NL, Livermore, CA
1991-2007 Professor & 3M Endowed Chair, Dept Chem. Eng & Mat. Sci, University of Minnesota
1988-1991 Professor, Dept. of MS&E., Cornell University
1987-1987 Consultant, Xerox PARC, Palo Alto, CA
1985-1986 Visiting Professor & Guggenheim Fellow, Bristol University
1983-1988 Associate Professor, w. Tenure, Dept. of MS&E., Cornell University
1979-1983 Assistant Professor, Dept. of MS&E., Cornell University

Awards & Honors

2016 The 2016 Das Gupta Memorial Award, 27th Annual Meeting of EMSI, Varanasi June 6-10, 2016.
2015 Chief Guest. Nanomaterials Workshop, Visvesvaraya Technological University, Bangalore, India
2015 The 2015 Douglas Osheroff Lecturer, Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Mexico
2014 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Visiting Scientist (JSPS Fellowship)
2014 Ceramic Educational Council  (ACerS) Outstanding Educator Award
2013 Microscopy Society of America (MSA) Distinguished Physical Scientist
2011 Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
2010 Elected Member of the Connecticut Academy of Science (CASE)
2009 Fellow of Microscopy Society of America (MSA)
2009 Fellow of the Materials Research Society (MRS)
2005 Jubilee Professor at Chalmers University in Sweden
Bernd Matthias Scholar at Los Alamos National Lab
1997 Alexander von Humboldt Senior Awardee in Stuttgart, Hannover, Bonn, Dresden and Jülich
1996 Fellow of the Royal Microscopial Society (RMS)
1995 Fellow of American Ceramic Society (ACerS)
1985 Guggenheim Fellow at the University of Bristol
5 x Winner of the Roland B Snow Award, American Ceramic Society
>300 journal publications and >420 conference papers

Selected Publications


Carter CB and Williams DB Eds (2016) Transmission Electron Microscopy: Diffraction, Imaging, and Spectrometry Springer, Heidelberg. The Companion volume.

Carter, C.B. and Norton, M.G., 2013, Ceramic Materials: Science & Engineering, 2nd ed. (Springer, NY). (373 citations)

Williams, D.B. and Carter, C.B., 2009, Transmission Electron Microscopy: A Textbook for Materials Science, 2nd ed.  (Springer, New York). (4357 citations).

Book Chapters
Farrer, J.K., Carter, C.B. and Michael, J., 2000 (Fall) in Electron Backscatter Diffraction in Materials Science, 1st Ed., Eds A.J. Schwartz, M. Kumar and B.L. Adams (Plenum, New York) 299-318 ‘EBSP of Ceramics Materials’.

Norton, M.G. and Carter, C.B., 1994, in Interfaces in High-Tc Superconducting Systems, Eds S.L. Shinde and D.A. Rudman (Springer-Verlag, New York) 1-27,‘Observations on the Growth of YBa2Cu3O7-d Thin Films by Transmission Electron Microscopy.’

Norton, M.G. and Carter, C.B., 1992, in Atomic-Level Properties of Interface Materials, Eds D. Wolf and S. Yip (Chapman and Hall, London) 151-189, ‘Grain and Interphase Boundaries in Ceramics and Ceramic Composites.’


Chou SS, Swartzentruber BS, Janish MT, Meyer KC, Biedermann LB, Okur S, Burckel DB, Carter CB, Kaehr B (2016) J Phys Chem Lett ‘Laser Direct Write Synthesis of Lead Halide Perovskites’. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b01557

Winterstein JP, Sezen M, Rečnik A, Carter CB (2016) J Mater Sci 51(1) 144–157 ‘Electron microscopy observations of the spinel-forming reaction using MgO nanocubes on Al2O3 substrates’.

Janish, M.T., Mackay, D.T., Liu, Y., Jungjohann, K.L., Carter, C.B. and Norton, M.G. (2016) J Mater Sci 51(1) 589–602. ‘Lithiation of Tin Nanoneedles Investigated by in-situ TEM’.

Li Z, Tan X, Li Peng, Kalisvaart W, Janish M, Mook W, Luber EJ, Jungjohann KL, Carter CB, Mitlin D (2015) Nano Lett 15, 6339-6348 ‘Coupling in-situ TEM and ex-situ Analysis to Understand Heterogeneous Sodiation of Antimony’.

Janish, M.T. and Carter, C.B., (2015) Scripta Mater 107, 22–25 ‘In-Situ TEM Observations of the Lithiation of Molybdenum Disulfide’.

Janish, M.T., Kotula, P.G., Boyce, L.B. and Carter, C.B., (2015) J Mater Sci 50, 3706-3715 ‘Observations of fcc and hcp tantalum’.

Janish, M.T., Mook, W.M. and Carter, C.B., (2015) Scripta Mater 96, 21-24 ‘Nucleation of face-centered cubic Ta when heating thin films’.

Roller, J., Renner, J., Yu, H., Capuano, C., Kwak, T., Wang, Y., Carter, C.B., Ayers, K., Mustain, W.E. and Maric, R. (2014) J Power Sources 271, 366-376. Flame-based processing as a practical approach for manufacturing hydrogen evolution electrodes

Zhang, H., Suresh, A., Carter, C.B. and Wilhite, B.A. (2014) Solid State Ionics 266 (2014) 58–67. ‘Materials Synthesis, Electrochemical Characterization and Oxygen Permeation Properties of Fe-Doped BaZrO3’.

Roller, J., Yu, H., Vukmirovic, M.B., Bliznakov, S., Kotula, P.G., Carter, C.B., Adzic, R.R. and Maric, R. (2014) Electrochimica Acta 138, 341-352. ‘Flame-Based Synthesis of Core-Shell Structures Using Pd-Ru and Pd Cores’.

Winterstein, J.P., Carter, C.B. (2014) J Eur Ceram Soc 34, 3007–3018. ‘Electron-beam damage and point defects near grain boundaries in cerium oxide’.

Mikael, P.E., Amini, A.R., Basu, J., Arellano-Jimenez, M.J., Laurencin, C.T., Sanders, M.M., Carter, C.B. and Nukavarapu , S.P. 2014, Biomedical Materials 9(3) 035001-1-13. ‘Functionalized Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Scaffolds for Bone Regenerative Engineering: Fabrication, in vitro and in vivo Evaluation’.

Mackay, D., Janish, M.T., Sahaym, U., Kotula, P.G., Jungjohann, K.L., Carter, C.B., Norton, M.G., 2014, J Mater Sci 49, 1476-1483 ‘Template-free Electrochemical Synthesis of Tin Nanostructures’.

Basu, J., Katoch, R., Garg, A and Carter, C.B., 2013, Microsc. Res. Techn. 76(12), 1304-1309 ‘Microstructure and Interfacial Chemistry of Pure and La-doped BiFeO3 Thin Films’.

Roller, J.M., Arellano-Jiménez, M.J., Yu, H., Jain, R., Carter, C.B. and Maric, R., 2013, Electrochimica Acta 107, 632–655. ‘Catalyst nanoscale assembly from the vapor phase on corrosion resistant supports’.

Roller, J.M., Arellano-Jiménez, M.J., Jain, R., Yu, H., Carter, C.B. and Maric., R., 2013, J. Electrochem. Soc. 160(6) F716-730. ‘Oxygen evolution during water electrolysis from thin films using bimetallic oxides of Ir-Pt and Ru-Pt’.

Liu, G., Arellano-Jiménez, J.M., Carter, C.B. and Agrios, A., 2013, J. Nanopart. Res. 15(6)1744, 1-13. ‘Preparation of functionalized platinum nanoparticles: A comparison of different methods and reagents’.

Liu, G., Arellano-Jiménez, M. J., Carter, C. B., Agrios, A. G.. Preparation of Functionalized Platinum Nanoparticles: A Comparison of Different Methods, Precursors, Stabilizers and Surfactants. 2013. Journal of Nanoparticle Research. 15 (6), 1-13.

J291 Basu, J., Suresh, A, Wilhite, B.A. and Carter, C.B, 2011 J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 31, 1421–1429 ‘Microstructural evolution of cobalt-doped barium cerate-zirconate at elevated temperatures under moist reducing conditions’.

J290 Bhowmick, S., Xue, Y., Winterstein, J. and Carter, C.B., 2011 Sol. St. Ionics 187, 68–77 ‘Influence of Alumina Impurities on Microstructure of LSM-CeO2 Composites’.

J289 Riesterer, J.L. and Carter, C.B., 2011 J. Mater. Sci. 46, 4397-4406 ‘Changes in dewetting behavior of SiO2 films on TiO2 substrates due to film thickness and crucible choice’.

Leschkies, K.S., Divakar, R., Basu, J., Enache-Pommer E, Boercker J E, Carter, C.B., Kortshagen, U.R., Norris, D.J. and Aydil, E.S., 2007, Nano Letters 7(6), 1793–1798, ‘Photosensitization of ZnO Nanowires with CdSe Quantum Dots for Photovoltaic Devices’. (286 citations)

Colbert, T.D., Zhang, J., McClure, S.M., Nikolaev, P., Chen, Z., Hafner, J.H., Owens, D.W., Kotula, P.G., Carter, C.B., Weaver, J.H., Rinzler, A.G. and Smalley, E.R., 1994, Science 266, 1218–1222. ‘Growth and Sintering of Fullerene Nanotubes.’ (213 citations)

Tietz, L.A., Carter, C.B, Lathrop, D.K., Russek, S.E., Buhrman, R.A. and Michael, J.R., 1989, Journal of Materials Research 4 (5), 1072–1081. ‘Crystallography of YBa2Cu3O6+x Thin Film-Substrate Interfaces’. (115 citations)

Gerberich, W.W., Mook, W.M., Perrey, C.R., Carter, C.B., Baskes, M., Mukherjee, R., Gidwani, A., Heberlein, J., McMurry, P., and Girshick, S., 2003, Journal of Mechanics and Physics of Solids 51, 979–992. ‘Superhard Silicon Nanospheres.’ (91 citations)

Norton, M.G. and Carter, C.B., 1991, J. Cryst. Growth 110, 641–651. ‘The Nucleation and Heteroepitactic Growth of YBa2Cu3O7-d Thin Films on MgO.’ (64 citations)

Norton, M.G., Summerfelt, S.R. and Carter, C.B., 1990, Appl. Phys. Lett. 56 (22), 2246–2248. ‘Surface Preparation for the Heteroepitactic Growth of Ceramic Thin Films.’ (70 citations)


Contact Information
Phone(860) 486-4020
Mailing Address191 Auditorium Road, Unit 3222, Storrs, CT 06269-3222
Office LocationUTEB-252